Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2007;49(2):125-9.
[Article in Dutch]
Stuer K, Claes S.
Psychiatrisch Ziekenhuis Heilig Hart, Ieper, België. firstname.lastname@example.org
We report on the case of a 56-year-old woman with no psychiatric history who had a manic episode after taking a decongestant containing pseudoephedrine (a secondary or organic mania). The aetiology, differential diagnosis, treatment and risk factors for a manic episode are discussed. In addition, we review published articles on the subject of mania induced by pseudoephedrine.
PMID: 17290343 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
CJEM. 2011 Jan;13(1):53-6.
Amaladoss A, O’Brien S.
Department of Psychiatry, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada. email@example.com
Over-the-counter medications are widely accessible and used. Cough suppressant syrups contain dextromethorphan (DM), which has the potential to be abused, with resultant psychiatric symptoms. This case report describes a young woman presenting with psychotic mania secondary to DM abuse. We also describe the treatment of this toxidrome and include the results of a literature search on this topic. The recognition of cough syrup as an agent of abuse and its toxidrome is important. This will facilitate early diagnostic clarification and promote efficient treatment strategies.
PMID: 21324299 [PubMed – in process]
Br J Clin Pract. 1996 Oct-Nov;50(7):400-1.
Lee DT, Lam LC, Chan KP, Leung HC.
Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Cough mixture is the third most commonly abused substance in Hong Kong. Over the last two years, ten cases of cough mixture-induced psychosis were admitted to a University hospital. All of them were clinically indistinguishable from paranoid schizophrenia, but the psychotic symptoms often resolved promptly with the cessation of cough mixture use or a small dose of haloperidol. A representative case is described. The possible underlying aetiological mechanism and the treatment principle are discussed.
PMID: 9015916 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]