Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis presenting as postpartum psychosis in a young woman

Click here to open

Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis presenting as postpartum psychosis in a young woman, treated with rituximab

A severe paraneoplastic form of acute encephalitis associated with antibodies against the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor typically occurs in young individuals and is associated, but not always, with an underlying tumor. If diagnosed early, initiation of immunotherapy and tumor removal (if present) may result in recovery. We report a case in a 25-year-old young woman who presented to ourmedical center with postpartum psychosis. Treatment with rituximab (a chimeric monoclonal antibody against the protein CD20) resulted in gradual improvement in mental status and resolution of seizure activity episodes. A year after diagnosis and treatment, the patient was doing well without recurrences, and no tumors appeared. This is the first described case of anti–NMDA-receptor antibodies encephalitis that presented initially as a postpartum psychosis disorder and was successfully treated with rituximab.

Click here to download

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: