Service de neurologie, hôpital Delafontaine, 2, rue du Dr-Delafontaine, 93200 Saint-Denis, France.
Med Mal Infect. 2009 Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print]
Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis has been described only recently among other causes of paraneoplastic and auto-immune limbic encephalitis. Its frequency is probably underestimated. The very characteristic clinical presentation, the severity of symptoms frequently leading to the intensive care unit, the therapeutic implications of the diagnosis whatever the cause, paraneoplastic or not and, once treated, the possibility of a full recovery or mild sequels in the majority of cases justify a surveillance either in neurology wards or in infectious, psychiatric, intensive care, or pediatric units. The authors review the history of this disease, the available epidemiological data, the characteristic clinical presentation of patients, the differential diagnosis, and the suggested treatment according to an up-to-date literature review.
PMID: 19942390 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]